Ethiopia 2008

27th October – 5th November

Following this brief report of a trip made in 2008 in the company of Barry Howes and the excellent Meseret Mecuria (our guide), there follows a list of the 531 bird species that I have seen on my four trips to Ethiopia.

 

Itinerary

This first, of only nine days, took in a necessarily limited number of sites and we did not venture north to the Ali Dege Plains nor to the marvellous region around Negele Borena and the Liben Plains.

 

Day 1 – Addis Ababa to Awash National Park via Debre Zeit and Lake Basaka

Day 2 – Awash NP to Wondo Genet via Lake Ziway

Day 3 – Wondo Genet to Bale Mountains National Park

Day 4 – Bale Mountains NP

Day 5 – Bale Mountains NP to Lake Awasa

Day 6 – Awasa to Yabello

Day 7 – Yabello region

Day 8 – Yabello to Lake Langano via Lake Awasa

Day 9 – Lake Langano to Addis Ababa birding en route at Lake Ziway, Koka Dam and Debre Zeit

Day 10 – Addis Ababa early morning birding thence to London

 

The people and the cattle are thin in this land; a country torn through the middle by the Great Rift Valley, running from the Danakil Depression in the north down across the Kenyan border and beyond to the vast plains of the Serengeti.

At the end of the fifth day, after a bone-shaking eleven hour drive along a dirt road, pitted and waterlogged through the rainy season, we arrived in Awasa, a large town about 180km. south of Addis Ababa situated on the shores of a lake of the same name.

For the past three days we had, in the words of Woodie Guthrie, ‘been hitting some hard travelling.’ But now, nearing the midway point of the trip, I was able to settle down after a hot shower and a cold beer to look over my notes and quietly run through an extraordinary species list, with so many lifers on one of the days that it was difficult to assimilate the amount of new information flying, often as more than just a figure of speech, my way.

There are about thirty species of bird endemic to Ethiopia and Eritrea (though some field guides, with possibly a slight degree of over-enthusiasm, grant several sub-species full specific status) and on this short exploratory trip I was hoping to find most of them. But, really, I had come for the two species of endemic corvids, as part of some unaccountable desire on my part to see all of the world’s crow species; these being the enigmatic Stresseman’s Bush-Crow, found only in the Yabello region of southern Ethiopia and the more widespread, monstrous looking Thick-billed Raven.

But, for the first few days our birding would take us east of Addis Ababa to the quintessentially African landscape of open plains dotted with acacia trees and scrub bushes that make up Awash National Park.

It is worth pulling up at Lake Basaka, situated just outside the park boundary, to scan the shores for waders and other waterbirds. Spur-winged, Kittlitz’s and Three-banded Plovers feed in the marginal shallows while Intermediate Egret, Goliath Heron and Yellow-billed Stork all wade in the deeper areas. A few Pink-backed Pelicans are usually present; their prehistoric heads hunched into their shoulders as they fly in to settle on the water with the grace and elegance so often associated with large birds.

One of the great joys birding is the early start! And a place like Awash certainly repays the effort to be breakfasted and in the field just after 6a.m. as the equatorial sun comes up and the darkness of night gives way, without the ceremony of dawn, to the brightness of day.

Most of us do our birding abroad on a limited budget of time, often moving on too quickly from one area to the next, but this is not an area to be rushed. A three-night stay at Awash, giving two full days birding in the park, is the minimum a visitor to the area ought to plan for. This will give time to find most of the more common birds, such as whydahs, hornbills, buffalo-weavers and several species of bee-eater, finch and raptor. But it will also allow time to search for the less common or more elusive species; Secretary Bird, Arabian Bustard, Scissor-tailed Kite and Lanner were among those that rewarded time and patience.

From Awash the tarmac road leads past five Great Rift Valley lakes on its way to the junction town of Shashamene where we were to leave the comfort of the metalled surface for the slower going of a dirt road as we headed off to the hot springs resort of Wondo Genet. Driving past the lakes with only the occasional brief stop was a frustrating experience, softened only by the comfort of knowing that we would spend time birding them on the return leg of our journey.

Our accommodation at Wondo Genet was once a holiday retreat of the last emperor, Haile Selassie, and is now a resort hotel based around the area’s hot springs in a region of lush montane forest. It makes a good place for an overnight stop on the way to the Bale Mountains National Park, about 160kms. to the east.

The hotel rooms hold an interesting selection of local invertebrates (!) whilst, outside, the hotel grounds and surrounding woodland are rich in a wider variety of wildlife.

A walk around the area before breakfast produced a good number of birds including three species of sunbird, Double-toothed Barbet, Black Saw-wing, White-cheeked Turaco and Montane White-eye.

The 160km. drive to Goba took pretty much a full day. The difficulty of navigating the dirt road contributed to the time needed to make the journey, but the dozen or so stops we made en route did nothing to hasten our arrival – but there was no hurry.

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill, Long-billed Pipit and Thick-billed Raven are among the species one can expect on the early part of the journey before the climb through the towns of Kofele and Dodola take one into a different landscape where trees gradually give way to a vast expanse of high plains, devoted largely to arable farming. Here, in this fertile, open landscape Erlanger’s Lark, Imperial and Verreaux’s Eagles and the endemic Wattled Ibis and Ethiopian Cisticola all occur.

We reached the edge of the Bale Mountains National Park in late afternoon but had enough daylight left to spend a bit of time birding a small area of wetland. This large pond, situated on the road into the park, before the town of Dinsho, holds the endemic Rouget’s Rail and Blue-winged Goose as well as Yellow-billed Duck, Red-knobbed Coot and several species of wader. Along the road we also came across Moorland Francolin, Mountain Wagtail and Groundscraper Thrush.

Next morning we headed out with our guide, Meseret Mercuria, for a full day in the Park. Our schedule only allowed for a two-night stay in Goba and, in hindsight, we should have benefited from another night in this vast and extraordinary area.

As our Toyota Land Cruiser climbed to 4,200m (13,650ft) the air temperature dropped and a cold drizzle started to fall. Cloud swept across the top of the plateau, the largest area of Afro-Alpine moorland on the continent and for a while it obscured the sweeping views that we had enjoyed across this flat, treeless landscape dominated by the yellow and white flowers of Helichrysum and heather that carpet the area. Dotted across the plateau, growing up to a height of about 10m were numerous endemic Giant Lobelias looking like huge Yucca plants. These plants served as lookout posts for the striking Augur Buzzards that hunt the area in search of meadow rats. Smaller birds such as Moorland Chat and the endemic Abyssinian Black-headed Siskin and Spot-breasted Lapwing also provide food for the high altitude raptors. As well as Augur we also came across Steppe and Long-legged Buzzards, Steppe, Tawny and Golden Eagles, Peregrine and Great Sparrowhawk. Fortunately at this time of year the cloud and drizzle do not last long and they soon blew over allowing us to explore on foot, thankful that we had brought fleeces with us, as we trod our way carefully through this boggy landscape.

The highland area is home to many lakes of varying sizes; these provide a good stopover point for migrating waders, but they also harbour the rare and beautiful Wattled Crane, two of which we were lucky to find feeding at one of the larger lakes.

The following morning, leaving the National Park with the feeling that we should have had more time there we retraced our tracks to the comfort of the tarmac road and then headed south, arriving in the large town of Awasa, where, in late afternoon with about forty minutes of daylight left, we had a lake to view.

African Fish Eagle, Marabou Stork and Silvery-cheeked Hornbill flew around the large trees at the lake’s edge whilst the reedbeds held African Jacana, Black Crake, Allen’s Gallinule and Reed Cormorant. Hadada and Sacred Ibis and Hammerkop fed in the shallows with numerous waders. A Moorhen, swimming from the cover of the reeds into open water caught my eye and as I turned my bins towards it a Hippopotamus surfaced behind it, opened its huge jaws, took a gulp of air and submerged again leaving me staring, awestruck, at the rippling water.

Other birds found around the lake include five species of kingfisher and the endemic Black-winged Lovebird.

And this is where my story began – at the end of our fifth day – tired from the rough roads but euphoric at the birds we had seen and overcome by the beauty and diversity of the country we had driven through.

In an early morning walk along the lake shore before our departure we found about 70 species including Nubian Woodpecker, Paradise Flycatcher and Spur-winged Goose, while Vervet Monkeys played and chattered in the trees.

As we climbed into our vehicle my excitement rose at the thought of our journey south to the remote Yabello region; to the small area that is home to one of the loveliest and most obscure of corvids, Stresseman’s Bush-Crow.

The journey added more species to our list. At one point we stopped to buy fresh guavas from some children by the roadside and were rewarded with Greater Spotted Eagle overhead and Orange-bellied Parrot and Woolly-necked Stork nearby. But the search for the Bush-Crow proved a frustrating affair as we came across many old nests, sure signs that we were in the right area, but saw none of the birds themselves. So, following a fruitless morning search we headed into the small town of Dubuluk for a lunch, delicious in spite of our disappointment, of fried lamb with garlic and chilli, served in a traditional earthenware dish over a base of hot charcoal that kept the food sizzlingly hot. But the afternoon gave us an equally difficult and frustrating time as we continued to find nothing more than signs of the birds’ presence until, with the light about to fade, we called it a day and headed in quiet resignation to our lodgings in Yabello.

The light of morning brought with it new hope and we set off at 6.20a.m. to search the area again, with Meseret saying that he knew of a couple of other places to try. Emerald-spotted Wood-Dove, Somali Bunting and Abyssinian Oriole all showed themselves to our eager eyes but again no sign of our target. We stopped and brewed some tea in silence by the roadside knowing that we had the long journey to Lake Langano ahead and that precious little time remained to find the Bush-Crow. And then, as we drove off again, I saw a flash of white in a tree and yelled out ‘Ka-ka’, the local name for the Crow that we had all been using, certain only that I had seen some white on a bird about the size of a Jackdaw. Meseret hit the brakes hard and we all lurched forward as Barry, in the middle of changing a camera lens, cursed me loudly. But there they were; four Stresseman’s Bush-Crows in a bare tree not fifteen yards from the road, and we were soon to find another eight or more nearby.

Ticking these birds off a list became suddenly so unimportant and irrelevant; the whole beauty and diversity of nature was manifested here in a bird found only in a remote corner of a distant land, and symbolised everything that I have always loved in nature and that has kept me travelling our world in search if her marvels.

 

 

1

Somali Ostrich

Struthio molybdophanes

2

White-faced Whistling-duck

Dendrocygna viduata

3

Fulvous Whistling-duck

Dendrocygna bicolor

4

White-backed Duck

Thalassornis leuconotus

5

Blue-winged Goose

Cyanochen cyanoptera

6

Comb Duck

Sarkidiornis melanotos

7

Egyptian Goose

Alopochen aegyptiaca

8

Ruddy Shelduck

Tadorna ferruginea

9

Spur-winged Goose

Plectropterus gambensis

10

African Pygmy-goose

Nettapus auritus

11

African Black Duck

Anas sparsa

12

Yellow-billed Duck

Anas undulata

13

Northern Shoveler

Anas clypeata

14

Red-billed Duck

Anas erythrorhyncha

15

Northern Pintail

Anas acuta

16

Hottentot Teal

Anas hottentota

17

Garganey

Anas querquedula

18

Cape Teal

Anas capensis

19

Southern Pochard

Netta erythrophthalma

20

Helmeted Guineafowl

Numida meleagris

21

Vulturine Guineafowl

Acryllium vulturinum

22

Common Quail

Coturnix coturnix

23

Chestnut-naped Francolin

Pternistis castaneicollis

24

Scaly Francolin

Pternistis squamatus

25

Yellow-necked Francolin

Pternistis leucoscepus

26

Crested Francolin

Francolinus sephaena

27

Coqui Francolin

Peliperdix coqui

28

Moorland Francolin

Scleroptila psilolaema

29

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis

30

Greater Flamingo

Phoenicopterus roseus

31

Lesser Flamingo

Phoeniconaias minor

32

African Openbill

Anastomus lamelligerus

33

Abdim's Stork

Ciconia abdimii

34

Woolly-necked Stork

Ciconia episcopus

35

Eurasian White Stork

Ciconia ciconia

36

Saddle-billed Stork

Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis

37

Marabou Stork

Leptoptilos crumenifer

38

Yellow-billed Stork

Mycteria ibis

39

White-breasted Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo lucidus

40

Long-tailed Cormorant

Phalacrocorax africanus

41

African Darter

Anhinga rufa

42

Great White Pelican

Pelecanus onocrotalus

43

Pink-backed Pelican

Pelecanus rufescens

44

Hamerkop

Scopus umbretta

45

Grey Heron

Ardea cinerea

46

Black-headed Heron

Ardea melanocephala

47

Goliath Heron

Ardea goliath

48

Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea

49

Great Egret

Ardea alba

50

Intermediate Egret

Mesophoyx intermedia

51

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta

52

Western Reef-heron

Egretta gularis

53

Black Heron

Egretta ardesiaca

54

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

55

Squacco Heron

Ardeola ralloides

56

Striated Heron

Butorides striata

57

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

58

Sacred Ibis

Threskiornis aethiopicus

59

Hadada Ibis

Bostrychia hagedash

60

Wattled Ibis

Bostrychia carunculata

61

Eurasian Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia

62

African Spoonbill

Platalea alba

63

Secretary-bird

Sagittarius serpentarius

64

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

65

Black-winged Kite

Elanus caeruleus

66

Scissor-tailed Kite

Chelictinia riocourii

67

African Harrier-hawk

Polyboroides typus

68

Lammergeier

Gypaetus barbatus

69

Egyptian Vulture

Neophron percnopterus

70

White-headed Vulture

Trigonoceps occipitalis

71

Lappet-faced Vulture

Torgos tracheliotos

72

Hooded Vulture

Necrosyrtes monachus

73

White-backed Vulture

Gyps africanus

74

Rueppell's Griffon

Gyps rueppelli

75

Eurasian Griffon

Gyps fulvus

76

Bateleur

Terathopius ecaudatus

77

Black-breasted Snake-eagle

Circaetus pectoralis

78

Brown Snake-eagle

Circaetus cinereus

79

Martial Eagle

Polemaetus bellicosus

80

Long-crested Eagle

Lophaetus occipitalis

81

Lesser Spotted Eagle

Clanga pomarina

82

Greater Spotted Eagle

Clanga clanga

83

Booted Eagle

Hieraaetus pennatus

84

Ayres' Hawk-eagle

Hieraaetus ayresii

85

Tawny Eagle

Aquila rapax

86

Steppe Eagle

Aquila nipalensis

87

Eastern Imperial Eagle

Aquila heliaca

88

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

89

Verreaux's Eagle

Aquila verreauxii

90

African Hawk-eagle

Aquila spilogaster

91

Dark Chanting-goshawk

Melierax metabates

92

Eastern Chanting-goshawk

Melierax poliopterus

93

Gabar Goshawk

Micronisus gabar

94

Eurasian Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus

95

Pallid Harrier

Circus macrourus

96

Montagu's Harrier

Circus pygargus

97

African Goshawk

Accipiter tachiro

98

Shikra

Accipiter badius

99

Little Sparrowhawk

Accipiter minullus

100

Ovampo Sparrowhawk

Accipiter ovampensis

101

Eurasian Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus

102

Black Goshawk

Accipiter melanoleucus

103

Yellow-billed Kite

Milvus migrans parasitus

104

African Fish-eagle

Haliaeetus vocifer

105

Common Buzzard

Buteo buteo

106

Mountain Buzzard

Buteo  oreophilus

107

Long-legged Buzzard

Buteo rufinus

108

Augur Buzzard

Buteo augur

109

Arabian Bustard

Ardeotis arabs

110

Kori Bustard

Ardeotis kori

111

White-bellied Bustard

Eupodotis senegalensis

112

Buff-crested Bustard

Eupodotis gindiana

113

Black-bellied Bustard

Lissotis melanogaster

114

Rouget's Rail

Rougetius rougetii

115

Black Crake

Amaurornis flavirostra

116

Allen's Gallinule

Porphyrio alleni

117

African Swamphen

Porphyrio madagascariensis

118

Eurasian Common Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

119

Lesser Moorhen

Gallinula angulata

120

Red-knobbed Coot

Fulica cristata

121

Black Crowned-crane

Balearica pavonina

122

Wattled Crane

Bugeranus carunculatus

123

Common Crane

Grus grus

124

Senegal Thick-knee

Burhinus senegalensis

125

Spotted Thick-knee

Burhinus capensis

126

Black-winged Stilt

Himantopus himantopus

127

Pied Avocet

Recurvirostra avosetta

128

Grey Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

129

Pacific Golden-plover

Pluvialis fulva

130

Spur-winged Plover

Vanellus spinosus

131

Black-headed Lapwing

Vanellus tectus

132

Black-winged Lapwing

Vanellus melanopterus

133

Crowned Lapwing

Vanellus coronatus

134

Wattled Lapwing

Vanellus senegallus

135

Spot-breasted Lapwing

Vanellus melanocephalus

136

Kittlitz's Plover

Charadrius pecuarius

137

Snowy Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus

138

Common Ringed Plover

Charadrius hiaticula

139

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius

140

Three-banded Plover

Charadrius tricollaris

141

Lesser Jacana

Microparra capensis

142

African Jacana

Actophilornis africanus

143

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

144

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

145

Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus

146

Common Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

147

Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stagnatilis

148

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa glareola

149

Common Redshank

Tringa totanus

150

Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa

151

Ruff

Calidris pugnax

152

Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferruginea

153

Temminck's Stint

Calidris temminckii

154

Sanderling

Calidris alba

155

Little Stint

Calidris minuta

156

Common Snipe

Gallinago gallinago

157

African Snipe

Gallinago nigripennis

158

Temminck's Courser

Cursorius temminckii

159

Three-banded Courser

Rhinoptilus cinctus

160

Collared Pratincole

Glareola pratincola

161

Black-winged Pratincole

Glareola nordmanni

162

Gray-headed Gull

Chroicocephalus cirrocephalus

163

Black-headed Gull

Chroicocephalus ridibundus

164

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus fuscus

165

Gull-billed Tern

Gelochelidon nilotica

166

Caspian Tern

Hydroprogne caspia

167

White-winged Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus

168

Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias hybrida

169

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse

Pterocles exustus

170

Feral Pigeon

Columba livia 'feral'

171

Speckled Pigeon

Columba guinea

172

White-collared Pigeon

Columba albitorques

173

Rameron Pigeon

Columba arquatrix

174

Lemon Dove

Columba larvata

175

Dusky Turtle-dove

Streptopelia lugens

176

African Collared-dove

Streptopelia roseogrisea

177

White-winged Collared-dove

Streptopelia reichenowi

178

African Mourning Dove

Streptopelia decipiens

179

Red-eyed Dove

Streptopelia semitorquata

180

Ring-necked Dove

Streptopelia capicola

181

Laughing Dove

Streptopelia senegalensis

182

Emerald-spotted Wood-dove

Turtur chalcospilos

183

Blue-spotted Wood-dove

Turtur afer

184

Tambourine Dove

Turtur tympanistria

185

Namaqua Dove

Oena capensis

186

Bruce's Green-pigeon

Treron waalia

187

White-cheeked Turaco

Tauraco leucotis

188

Prince Ruspoli's Turaco

Tauraco ruspolii

189

Bare-faced Go-away-bird

Corythaixoides personatus

190

White-bellied Go-away-bird

Corythaixoides leucogaster

191

Eastern Plantain-eater

Crinifer zonurus

192

Pied Cuckoo

Clamator jacobinus

193

Levaillant's Cuckoo

Clamator levaillantii

194

Great Spotted Cuckoo

Clamator glandarius

195

Common Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus

196

Klaas' Cuckoo

Chrysococcyx klaas

197

Dideric Cuckoo

Chrysococcyx caprius

198

Blue-headed Coucal

Centropus monachus

199

White-browed Coucal

Centropus superciliosus

200

Cape Eagle-owl

Bubo capensis

201

Grayish Eagle-owl

Bubo cinerascens

202

Verreaux's Eagle-owl

Bubo lacteus

203

Pearl-spotted Owlet

Glaucidium perlatum

204

African Wood-owl

Strix woodfordii

205

African Long-eared Owl

Asio abyssinicus

206

Abyssinian Nightjar

Caprimulgus poliocephalus

207

Plain Nightjar

Caprimulgus inornatus

208

Star-spotted Nightjar

Caprimulgus stellatus

209

Slender-tailed Nightjar

Caprimulgus clarus

210

Alpine Swift

Apus melba

211

Common Swift

Apus apus

212

Nyanza Swift

Apus niansae

213

Horus Swift

Apus horus

214

White-rumped Swift

Apus caffer

215

African Palm-swift

Cypsiurus parvus

216

Speckled Mousebird

Colius striatus

217

Blue-naped Mousebird

Urocolius macrourus

218

Narina Trogon

Apaloderma narina

219

Eurasian Hoopoe

Upupa epops

220

Green Woodhoopoe

Phoeniculus purpureus

221

Black-billed Woodhoopoe

Phoeniculus somaliensis

222

Black Scimitar-bill

Rhinopomastus aterrimus

223

Abyssinian Scimitar-bill

Rhinopomastus minor

224

Abyssinian Ground-hornbill

Bucorvus abyssinicus

225

Hemprich's Hornbill

Lophoceros hemprichii

226

African Gray Hornbill

Lophoceros nasutus

227

Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill

Tockus flavirostris

228

Von Der Decken's Hornbill

Tockus deckeni

229

Northern Red-billed Hornbill

Tockus erythrorhynchus

230

Silvery-cheeked Hornbill

Bycanistes brevis

231

Half-collared Kingfisher

Alcedo semitorquata

232

Malachite Kingfisher

Corythornis cristatus

233

African Pygmy-kingfisher

Ispidina picta

234

Gray-headed Kingfisher

Halcyon leucocephala

235

Woodland Kingfisher

Halcyon senegalensis

236

Striped Kingfisher

Halcyon chelicuti

237

Giant Kingfisher

Megaceryle maxima

238

Pied Kingfisher

Ceryle rudis

239

Little Bee-eater

Merops pusillus

240

Blue-breasted Bee-eater

Merops variegatus

241

White-throated Bee-eater

Merops albicollis

242

Madagascar Bee-eater

Merops superciliosus

243

European Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

244

Northern Carmine Bee-eater

Merops nubicus

245

European Roller

Coracias garrulus

246

Abyssinian Roller

Coracias abyssinicus

247

Lilac-breasted Roller

Coracias caudatus

248

Rufous-crowned Roller

Coracias naevius

249

Red-and-yellow Barbet

Trachyphonus erythrocephalus

250

Yellow-breasted Barbet

Trachyphonus margaritatus

251

D'arnaud's Barbet

Trachyphonus darnaudii

252

Red-fronted Tinkerbird

Pogoniulus pusillus

253

Yellow-fronted Tinkerbird

Pogoniulus chrysoconus

254

Red-fronted Barbet

Tricholaema diademata

255

Black-throated Barbet

Tricholaema melanocephala

256

Banded Barbet

Lybius undatus

257

Black-billed Barbet

Lybius guifsobalito

258

Double-toothed Barbet

Lybius bidentatus

259

Green-backed Honeyguide

Prodotiscus zambesiae

260

Greater Honeyguide

Indicator indicator

261

Eurasian Wryneck

Jynx torquilla

262

Rufous-necked Wryneck

Jynx ruficollis

263

Nubian Woodpecker

Campethera nubica

264

Abyssinian Woodpecker

Dendropicos abyssinicus

265

Cardinal Woodpecker

Dendropicos fuscescens

266

Bearded Woodpecker

Dendropicos namaquus

267

African Gray-headed Woodpecker

Dendropicos spodocephalus

268

Pygmy Falcon

Polihierax semitorquatus

269

Lesser Kestrel

Falco naumanni

270

Eurasian Kestrel

Falco  tinnunculus/rupicolus

271

Greater Kestrel

Falco rupicoloides

272

Gray Kestrel

Falco ardosiaceus

273

Amur Falcon

Falco amurensis

274

Sooty Falcon

Falco concolor

275

Eurasian Hobby

Falco subbuteo

276

Lanner Falcon

Falco biarmicus

277

Peregrine Falcon

Falco peregrinus

278

Black-winged Lovebird

Agapornis taranta

279

Red-bellied Parrot

Poicephalus rufiventris

280

Yellow-fronted Parrot

Poicephalus flavifrons

281

Brown-throated Wattle-eye

Platysteira cyanea

282

Gray-headed Batis

Batis orientalis

283

Black-headed Batis

Batis minor

284

White Helmetshrike

Prionops plumatus

285

Brubru

Nilaus afer

286

Northern Puffback

Dryoscopus gambensis

287

Black-crowned Tchagra

Tchagra senegalus

288

Three-streaked Tchagra

Tchagra jamesi

289

Red-naped Bushshrike

Laniarius ruficeps

290

Tropical Boubou [aethiopicus]

Laniarius aethiopicus

291

Tropical Boubou

Laniarius major

292

Slate-colored Boubou

Laniarius funebris

293

Rosy-patched Bushshrike

Rhodophoneus cruentus

294

Sulphur-breasted Bushshrike

Telophorus sulfureopectus

295

Gray-headed Bushshrike

Malaconotus blanchoti

296

Red-shouldered Cuckoo-shrike

Campephaga phoenicea

297

Red-backed Shrike

Lanius collurio

298

Isabelline Shrike

Lanius isabellinus

299

Southern Gray Shrike

Lanius meridionalis

300

Lesser Grey Shrike

Lanius minor

301

Gray-backed Fiscal

Lanius excubitorius

302

Taita Fiscal

Lanius dorsalis

303

Somali Fiscal

Lanius somalicus

304

Northern Fiscal

Lanius humeralis

305

Common Fiscal

Lanius collaris

306

Masked Shrike

Lanius nubicus

307

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator

308

White-rumped Shrike

Eurocephalus rueppelli

309

African Golden Oriole

Oriolus auratus

310

Dark-headed Oriole

Oriolus monacha

311

African Black-headed Oriole

Oriolus larvatus

312

Fork-tailed Drongo

Dicrurus adsimilis

313

African Paradise-flycatcher

Terpsiphone viridis

314

Stresemann's Bush-crow

Zavattariornis stresemanni

315

Red-billed Chough

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

316

Cape Crow

Corvus capensis

317

Pied Crow

Corvus albus

318

Somali Crow

Corvus edithae

319

Fan-tailed Raven

Corvus rhipidurus

320

Thick-billed Raven

Corvus crassirostris

321

Singing Bushlark

Mirafra cantillans

322

Flappet Lark

Mirafra rufocinnamomea

323

Gillett's Lark

Mirafra gilletti

324

Sidamo Lark

Heteromirafra sidamoensis

325

Foxy Lark

Calendulauda alopex

326

Chestnut-backed Sparrow-lark

Eremopterix leucotis

327

Black-crowned Sparrow-lark

Eremopterix nigriceps

328

Chestnut-headed Sparrow-lark

Eremopterix signatus

329

Erlanger's Lark

Calandrella erlangeri

330

Somali Short-toed Lark

Calandrella somalica

331

Thekla Lark

Galerida theklae

332

Plain Martin

Riparia paludicola

333

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

334

Banded Martin

Riparia cincta

335

Rock Martin

Ptyonoprogne fuligula

336

Barn Swallow

Hirundo rustica

337

Red-chested Swallow

Hirundo lucida

338

Ethiopian Swallow

Hirundo aethiopica

339

Wire-tailed Swallow

Hirundo smithii

340

White-tailed Swallow

Hirundo megaensis

341

Red-rumped Swallow

Cecropis daurica

342

Lesser Striped-swallow

Cecropis abyssinica

343

Mosque Swallow

Cecropis senegalensis

344

House Martin

Delichon urbicum

345

Black Sawwing

Psalidoprocne pristoptera

346

Gray-rumped Swallow

Pseudhirundo griseopyga

347

White-winged Black-tit

Melaniparus leucomelas

348

Somali Tit

Melaniparus thruppi

349

White-backed Black-tit

Melaniparus leuconotus

350

African Spotted Creeper

Salpornis salvadori

351

Spotted Creeper

Salpornis  spilonotus/salvadori

352

Northern Brownbul

Phyllastrephus strepitans

353

Common Bulbul

Pycnonotus barbatus

354

Northern Crombec

Sylvietta brachyura

355

Red-faced Crombec

Sylvietta whytii

356

Somali Crombec

Sylvietta isabellina

357

Brown Woodland-warbler

Phylloscopus umbrovirens

358

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus

359

Common Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

360

Wood Warbler

Phylloscopus sibilatrix

361

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler

Iduna pallida

362

Upcher's Warbler

Hippolais languida

363

Icterine Warbler

Hippolais icterina

364

Sedge Warbler

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

365

Marsh Warbler

Acrocephalus palustris

366

Eurasian Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

367

Basra Reed-warbler

Acrocephalus griseldis

368

Lesser Swamp-warbler

Acrocephalus gracilirostris

369

Cinnamon Bracken-warbler

Bradypterus cinnamomeus

370

Yellow-breasted Apalis

Apalis flavida

371

Grey-backed Camaroptera

Camaroptera brachyura

372

Red-fronted Warbler

Urorhipis rufifrons

373

Gray Wren-warbler

Calamonastes simplex

374

Singing Cisticola

Cisticola cantans

375

Boran Cisticola

Cisticola bodessa

376

Rattling Cisticola

Cisticola chiniana

377

Ashy Cisticola

Cisticola cinereolus

378

Ethiopian Cisticola

Cisticola galactotes lugubris

379

Stout Cisticola

Cisticola robustus

380

Tiny Cisticola

Cisticola nana

381

Fan-tailed Cisticola

Cisticola juncidis

382

Pectoral-patch Cisticola

Cisticola brunnescens

383

Buff-bellied Warbler

Phyllolais pulchella

384

Tawny-flanked Prinia

Prinia subflava

385

Pale Prinia

Prinia somalica

386

Yellow-vented Eremomela

Eremomela flavicrissalis

387

Yellow-bellied Eremomela

Eremomela icteropygialis

388

Green-backed Eremomela

Eremomela canescens

389

Abyssinian Catbird

Parophasma galinieri

390

African Hill-babbler

Sylvia abyssinica

391

Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla

392

Banded Warbler

Sylvia boehmi

393

Lesser Whitethroat

Sylvia curruca

394

Brown Warbler

Sylvia lugens

395

Greater Whitethroat

Sylvia communis

396

Broad-ringed White-eye

Zosterops poliogastrus

397

White-breasted White-eye

Zosterops abyssinicus

398

Rufous Chatterer

Turdoides rubiginosa

399

White-rumped Babbler

Turdoides leucopygia

400

Pale Flycatcher

Bradornis pallidus

401

African Gray Flycatcher

Bradornis microrhynchus

402

Abyssinian Slaty-flycatcher

Melaenornis chocolatinus

403

Northern Black-flycatcher

Melaenornis edolioides

404

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata

405

African Dusky Flycatcher

Muscicapa adusta

406

Rufous Scrub-robin

Cercotrichas galactotes

407

Red-backed Scrub-robin

Cercotrichas leucophrys

408

Rueppell's Robin-chat

Cossypha semirufa

409

White-browed Robin-chat

Cossypha heuglini

410

White-crowned Robin-chat

Cossypha albicapillus

411

Spotted Morning-thrush

Cichladusa guttata

412

Thrush Nightingale

Luscinia luscinia

413

Common Nightingale

Luscinia megarhynchos

414

Common Redstart

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

415

Little Rock-thrush

Monticola rufocinereus

416

Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush

Monticola saxatilis

417

Blue Rock-thrush

Monticola solitarius

418

Ethiopian Stonechat

Saxicola torquatus albofasciatus

419

Rueppell's Chat

Myrmecocichla melaena

420

Mocking Cliff-chat

Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris

421

White-winged Cliff-chat

Thamnolaea semirufa

422

Familiar Chat

Cercomela familiaris

423

Blackstart

Cercomela melanura

424

Moorland Chat

Cercomela sordida

425

Northern Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe

426

Abyssian Black Wheatear

Oenanthe lugubris

427

Pied Wheatear

Oenanthe pleschanka

428

Cyprus Wheatear

Oenanthe cypriaca

429

Black-eared Wheatear

Oenanthe hispanica

430

Isabelline Wheatear

Oenanthe isabellina

431

Red-breasted Wheatear

Oenanthe bottae

432

Heuglin's Wheatear

Oenanthe heuglini

433

Abyssinian Ground Thrush

Geokichla piaggiae

434

Groundscraper Thrush

Psophocichla litsitsirupa

435

Abyssinian Olive Thrush

Turdus abyssinicus abyssinicus

436

African Thrush

Turdus pelios

437

African Bare-eyed Thrush

Turdus tephronotus

438

Wattled Starling

Creatophora cinerea

439

Rosy Starling

Pastor roseus

440

Slender-billed Starling

Onychognathus tenuirostris

441

Red-winged Starling

Onychognathus morio

442

Bristle-crowned Starling

Onychognathus salvadorii

443

Magpie Starling

Speculipastor bicolor

444

Sharpe's Starling

Pholia sharpii

445

Shelley's Starling

Lamprotornis shelleyi

446

Rueppell's Glossy-starling

Lamprotornis purpuroptera

447

Golden-breasted Starling

Lamprotornis regius

448

Superb Starling

Lamprotornis superbus

449

White-crowned Starling

Lamprotornis albicapillus

450

Greater Blue-eared Glossy-starling

Lamprotornis chalybaeus

451

Red-billed Oxpecker

Buphagus erythrorhynchus

452

Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird

Anthreptes orientalis

453

Collared Sunbird

Hedydipna collaris

454

Scarlet-chested Sunbird

Chalcomitra senegalensis

455

Hunter's Sunbird

Chalcomitra hunteri

456

Tacazze Sunbird

Nectarinia tacazze

457

Beautiful Sunbird

Cinnyris pulchellus

458

Mariqua Sunbird

Cinnyris mariquensis

459

Shining Sunbird

Cinnyris habessinicus

460

Variable Sunbird

Cinnyris venustus

461

Western Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla flava

462

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea

463

Mountain Wagtail

Motacilla clara

464

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba

465

African Pied Wagtail

Motacilla aguimp

466

African Pipit

Anthus cinnamomeus

467

Long-billed Pipit

Anthus similis

468

Plain-backed Pipit

Anthus leucophrys

469

Tree Pipit

Anthus trivialis

470

Red-throated Pipit

Anthus cervinus

471

Abyssinian Longclaw

Macronyx flavicollis

472

House Bunting

Emberiza  striolata

473

Golden-breasted Bunting

Emberiza flaviventris

474

Somali Bunting

Emberiza poliopleura

475

Yellow-crowned Canary

Serinus flavivertex

476

Yellow-fronted Canary

Serinus mozambicus

477

Abyssinian Siskin

Serinus nigriceps

478

African Citril

Serinus citrinelloides

479

Reichenow's Seedeater

Serinus reichenowi

480

Yellow-rumped Serin

Serinus xanthopygius

481

Yellow-throated Serin

Serinus flavigula

482

Northern Grosbeak-canary

Serinus donaldsoni

483

Streaky Seedeater

Serinus striolatus

484

Brown-rumped Seedeater

Serinus tristriatus

485

Shelley's Rufous-sparrow

Passer shelleyi

486

Swainson's Sparrow

Passer swainsonii

487

Yellow-spotted Petronia

Petronia pyrgita

488

Bush Petronia

Petronia dentata

489

Red-billed Buffalo-weaver

Bubalornis niger

490

White-headed Buffalo-weaver

Dinemellia dinemelli

491

White-browed Sparrow-weaver

Plocepasser mahali

492

Gray-headed Social-weaver

Pseudonigrita arnaudi

493

Black-capped Social-weaver

Pseudonigrita cabanisi

494

Red-headed Weaver

Anaplectes rubriceps

495

Baglafecht Weaver

Ploceus baglafecht

496

Little Weaver

Ploceus luteolus

497

Spectacled Weaver

Ploceus ocularis

498

Northern Masked-weaver

Ploceus taeniopterus

499

Lesser Masked Weaver

Ploceus intermedius

500

Vitelline Masked-weaver

Ploceus vitellinus

501

Rueppell's Weaver

Ploceus galbula

502

Speke's Weaver

Ploceus spekei

503

Village Weaver

Ploceus cucullatus

504

Chestnut Weaver

Ploceus rubiginosus

505

Red-billed Quelea

Quelea quelea

506

Yellow Bishop

Euplectes capensis

507

White-winged Widowbird

Euplectes albonotatus

508

Red-collared Widowbird

Euplectes ardens

509

Grosbeak Weaver

Amblyospiza albifrons

510

Yellow-bellied Waxbill

Coccopygia quartinia

511

Green-backed Twinspot

Mandingoa nitidula

512

Abyssinian Crimson-wing

Cryptospiza salvadorii

513

Crimson-rumped Waxbill

Estrilda rhodopyga

514

Common Waxbill

Estrilda astrild

515

Black-cheeked Waxbill

Estrilda charmosyna

516

Red-cheeked Cordonbleu

Uraeginthus bengalus

517

Purple Grenadier

Granatina ianthinogaster

518

Green-winged Pytilia

Pytilia melba

519

Orange-winged Pytilia

Pytilia afra

520

Red-billed Firefinch

Lagonosticta senegala

521

Black-faced Firefinch

Lagonosticta larvata

522

African Firefinch

Lagonosticta rubricata

523

Cut-throat

Amadina fasciata

524

Bronze Mannikin

Spermestes cucullata

525

Black-and-white Mannikin

Spermestes bicolor

526

African Silverbill

Euodice cantans

527

Pin-tailed Whydah

Vidua macroura

528

Eastern Paradise-whydah

Vidua paradisaea

529

Straw-tailed Whydah

Vidua fischeri

530

Village Indigobird

Vidua chalybeata